About BIMS

Biodiversity Information Management System (BIMS) Project is a small component of the larger “Integrating Biodiversity Concepts in the Tourism Sector” Project (BITS)

Contact Us

BIMS Project - RSCN
Jubaiha - Amman, Jordan
P: (962) 06 5337931
Email: bims@rscn.org.jo
Biodiversity Information Management System

Protected Areas in Jordan

Despite its relatively small area, Jordan has diverse topography, considerable climatic variations, and several habitat types. The climate in Jordan is mostly semi‐arid to arid desert with an average precipitation ranging from less than 70 mm in the eastern and southern desert areas up to 600 mm per annum in the north‐west part of the country.

During the last 120 years, many native Jordanian species have been lost and became nationally extinct, including some species that were once widespread and common. Some species are now considered to be on the verge of national extinction. This is the result of many threats including destruction of natural habitats and ecosystems, introduction of invasive species, modernization of transportation and improved hunting techniques

Jordan has given high priority to conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity components, in view of its position in a region of uncertain political condition, the climatic conditions, and the country’s rapid development and urbanization that have led to habitat fragmentation and ecosystem degradation.

Jordan has started the work on conserving wildlife early in 1974 when the IUCN/WWF mission started, aiming to promote Wildlife conservation in the country, and with the help of The Royal Society for the Conservation of Nature, their research and survey came up with a result to suggest to have 4% of Jordan's total area as Protected Areas that represent Jordan's geological, ecological and hydro biological characteristics.

In 1977, IUCN‐WWF defined 12 different areas of conservation importance, which encompasses the majority of Jordan’s biological diversity. These 12 areas make up the network of Jordan’s protected areas. In 1998, RSCN has carried a review of the protected areas network and has further proposed six more protected areas. So, the total number of areas that should become part of the protected areas network is eighteen. Up to date, seven protected areas (reserves) have been established.

The protected areas reached to 5.64% of the terrestrial land and marine. Protection is greatly needed to maintain the country’s rich biodiversity, in the face of development pressures acting upon a fragile arid environment. Conserving biodiversity and sustainable use of biological resources are fundamental to achieving sustainable development as they are an echo to the teachings and beliefs of Islam on the obligation for man to maintain balanced relations with the other elements of creation.

ˆSpecial attention was directed to other zones outside protected areas. These zones have significant conservation importance due to their great diversity of species and habitats. They consist of important bird areas, important wetland areas, marginal areas at national borders (protected by the army) and wildlife corridors.

In 1995, Bird life International in cooperation with RSCN defined and globally declared 27 areas in Jordan as important bird areas covering a total area of 7600 km2 about 8.5 % of the total area of Jordan. Seven of these sites are already protected areas and the other ten are proposed, on the other hand 13 important wetland areas were identified to help protection of nationally and internationally important water birds and other threatened birds.

For more information on the IBAs, please visit :

In October 1995, the first Jordanian Environmental Law was passed to achieve the principle objectives mentioned in NES, and the National Environmental Action Plan (NEAP) was prepared emphasizing the need for a national biodiversity inventory.

Jordan has a network of 9 established protected areas and another 3 suggested. The protected areas in Jordan are managed by a national NGO: The Royal Society for the Conservation of Nature (RSCN)

The RSCN is an independent non-governmental organization created in 1966 under the patronage of His Majesty late King Hussein. During the 1970’s RSCN was entrusted by the Government of Jordan to establish and manage a national network of protected areas and to enforce the wildlife protection laws. Since that time RSCN has achieved and maintained a high credibility in fulfilling its mandate through effectively managing 6 protected areas representing over 1% of Jordan land area.